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7th World Summit on Women's Health and Cancer Awareness, will be organized around the theme “Empowering Women with Health Education and Advocacy”

Womens Health 2025 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Womens Health 2025

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Breast cancer awareness and early detection are crucial elements in combating one of the most common cancers affecting women worldwide. Awareness initiatives play a pivotal role in educating the public about the importance of early detection, which significantly increases the chances of successful treatment and survival. Various campaigns, such as Breast Cancer Awareness Month held every October, highlight the importance of regular screening and self-examinations. Early detection methods include mammograms, clinical breast exams, and breast self-exams. Mammograms, which are X-ray images of the breast, can detect tumors that are too small to be felt. Regular mammograms are recommended for women over 40, but those with a family history of breast cancer may need to start earlier. Clinical breast exams performed by healthcare professionals, and breast self-exams, where women check their own breasts for lumps or changes are also vital practices.

Cervical cancer prevention and HPV vaccination are critical in reducing the incidence and mortality associated with one of the most preventable cancers. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the primary cause of cervical cancer, and vaccination against HPV can significantly decrease the risk of developing this disease. Public health initiatives emphasize the importance of vaccinating both boys and girls, ideally before they become sexually active, to ensure maximum protection against the virus. The HPV vaccine is most effective when administered between the ages of 9 and 14, but it can still provide benefits up to age 26. The vaccine protects against the high-risk HPV types that cause the majority of cervical cancer cases, as well as other cancers and genital warts. Despite its proven efficacy, vaccination rates vary globally, influenced by factors such as accessibility, cultural attitudes, and awareness. Screening is another vital component of cervical cancer prevention. Regular Pap smears (or Pap tests) and HPV tests can detect precancerous changes and early-stage cancers. These screenings are recommended for women starting at age 21 and should continue regularly based on age and health guidelines. Early detection through screening enables timely treatment, which can prevent the development of invasive cancer.

Women's mental health and well-being are crucial aspects of overall health, encompassing emotional, psychological, and social factors that influence their quality of life. Various factors impact women's mental health, including biological, social, and environmental factors. Biologically, hormonal changes during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause can affect women's mental health. Postpartum depression is a notable example that affects many women after childbirth. Additionally, women are more susceptible to certain mental health conditions such as depression and anxiety disorders compared to men. Addressing women's mental health requires a holistic approach that includes access to mental health services, education, and support. Awareness campaigns and initiatives aimed at reducing stigma surrounding mental health issues are essential. Encouraging open discussions about mental health and providing resources for seeking help are critical steps in promoting well-being.

Menopause marks a significant transition in a woman's life, typically occurring around the age of 50, when menstrual periods cease permanently due to natural aging processes. This phase involves hormonal changes, particularly a decline in estrogen and progesterone production by the ovaries, which can lead to a range of physical and emotional symptoms. Common symptoms of menopause include hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings, vaginal dryness, sleep disturbances, and changes in libido. These symptoms can vary in severity and duration among women. The transition into menopause, known as per menopause, often begins several years before menopause itself and can last for several years afterward. Hormone therapy (HT) also referred to as hormone replacement therapy (HRT), is a treatment option that involves taking estrogen and sometimes progesterone to relieve menopausal symptoms. HT can be administered in various forms, including pills, patches, creams, gels, and vaginal rings. It is effective in alleviating hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal dryness, and preventing bone loss associated with estrogen deficiency.

Ovarian cancer presents significant challenges in detection, treatment, and survivorship, highlighting the importance of early diagnosis and comprehensive care. Often called the "silent killer," ovarian cancer can go unnoticed in its early stages due to vague symptoms or absence of symptoms altogether. Symptoms may include abdominal bloating, pelvic or abdominal pain, difficulty eating or feeling full quickly, and urinary symptoms. Detection typically involves a combination of imaging tests (like ultrasound or CT scans) and blood tests, including CA-125 levels. However, these methods are not fool proof, and many cases are diagnosed at advanced stages when the cancer has spread beyond the ovaries. Research into better screening methods continues to be a focus of medical research. Treatment options for ovarian cancer depend on factors such as the stage of cancer, the type of ovarian cancer, and the woman's overall health. Surgery is usually the initial step, aiming to remove as much of the tumour as possible. Chemotherapy may follow surgery to eliminate any remaining cancer cells. Targeted therapy and immunotherapy are newer approaches that may be used in specific cases to enhance treatment efficacy.

 Heart health for women is a critical area that often faces significant disparities and misconceptions, leading to a gender gap in awareness, diagnosis, and treatment. Historically, heart disease has been primarily viewed as a men's health issue, overshadowing its impact on women. However, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death for women globally, highlighting the urgent need for gender-specific approaches to prevention, diagnosis, and management. One key challenge is the underestimation and misinterpretation of symptoms in women. While chest pain is a common symptom in men, women may experience subtler signs such as fatigue, shortness of breath, nausea, or discomfort in the jaw, neck, or back. These differences can lead to delays in seeking medical help and receiving appropriate treatment., Risk factors for heart disease in women include traditional factors like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking, as well as unique factors such as hormonal changes (like menopause), gestational diabetes, and autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis. Mental health conditions, like depression and chronic stress, also contribute to heart disease risk in women.

Pelvic health and urinary incontinence are significant concerns for many women, impacting their quality of life and overall well-being. Pelvic health encompasses the function and support of pelvic organs, including the bladder, uterus, and rectum. Urinary incontinence, a common pelvic health issue, refers to the unintentional loss of urine, which can occur due to various factors. There are different types of urinary incontinence, including stress incontinence, which involves leakage during activities such as coughing, sneezing, or exercising; urge incontinence, characterized by a sudden, intense urge to urinate followed by leakage; and mixed incontinence, which combines symptoms of both stress and urge incontinence. Other conditions affecting pelvic health include pelvic organ prolapse, where pelvic organs descend into the vagina due to weakened pelvic floor muscles. Risk factors for pelvic health issues and urinary incontinence include pregnancy and childbirth, menopause, aging, obesity, chronic coughing, and certain medical conditions like diabetes and neurological disorders. These factors can weaken pelvic floor muscles or affect nerve function, leading to bladder control problems.

Sexual and reproductive health encompasses a broad range of issues that are fundamental to the well-being and autonomy of individuals, particularly women. It includes access to comprehensive healthcare services that address contraception, fertility, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause, among others. Empowering choices in sexual and reproductive health involves ensuring that individuals have the information, resources, and support to make informed decisions about their bodies and lives. Key components of sexual and reproductive health empowerment include access to contraception and family planning services. Contraceptive options vary from barrier methods like condoms and diaphragms to hormonal methods such as birth control pills, patches, implants, and intrauterine devices (IUDs). Ensuring access to a range of contraceptive methods allows individuals to choose the option that best suits their needs and preferences. Education plays a crucial role in empowering individuals to make informed decisions about their sexual and reproductive health. Comprehensive sex education programs provide accurate information about anatomy, contraception, STIs, consent, healthy relationships, and reproductive rights. Such education helps dispel myths, reduce stigma, and promote responsible sexual behaviour.

Maternal health encompasses the physical, mental, and social well-being of women during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. Ensuring safe pregnancy and birth involves access to quality healthcare services, support systems, and education to promote healthy outcomes for both mothers and infants.Access to prenatal care is crucial for monitoring the health of pregnant women and identifying any potential risks early on. Prenatal visits allow healthcare providers to track fetal development, screen for conditions such as gestational diabetes and preeclampsia, provide guidance on nutrition and lifestyle, and prepare women for childbirth.During childbirth, ensuring access to skilled birth attendants, such as midwives or obstetricians, in a safe environment is essential. Adequate medical interventions and emergency obstetric care are necessary to manage complications that may arise during labor and delivery, reducing maternal and neonatal mortality rates.

Women's cancer survivorship encompasses the physical, emotional, and social aspects of life after completing cancer treatment, aiming to enhance quality of life and overall well-being. Advances in early detection and treatment have significantly increased survival rates for various types of cancer among women. However, survivorship brings its own set of challenges and considerations. Physical health concerns may persist post-treatment, including fatigue, pain, lymphedema (swelling), neuropathy, and menopausal symptoms induced by treatments such as chemotherapy, radiation, or surgery. These symptoms can impact daily activities and quality of life, requiring on going management and support from healthcare providers. Emotionally, cancer survivorship may bring about feelings of anxiety, fear of recurrence, depression, or adjustment to changes in body image and self-esteem. Supportive care, including counselling, support groups, and survivorship programs, can provide emotional support and help women navigate the emotional challenges associated with survivorship.

Women's health and chronic disease management are interconnected aspects that require comprehensive, integrated approaches to promote well-being and quality of life. Chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and respiratory conditions affect millions of women globally and require long-term management strategies tailored to individual needs. Cardiovascular disease, including heart disease and stroke, is a leading cause of death among women worldwide. Risk factors such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, obesity, and smoking can contribute to cardiovascular conditions. Prevention efforts focus on lifestyle modifications, including healthy eating, regular exercise, smoking cessation, and managing stress, alongside medical interventions like medication when necessary. Diabetes, both type 1 and type 2, requires careful management to prevent complications such as heart disease, kidney disease, nerve damage, and vision problems. Management strategies include monitoring blood glucose levels, adhering to a balanced diet, exercising regularly, taking medications as prescribed, and attending regular medical check-ups to adjust treatment as needed.

Nutrition plays a crucial role in promoting women's health and well-being across all stages of life, from adolescence to menopause and beyond. A balanced diet provides essential nutrients that support physiological functions, reproductive health, immune function, and overall vitality. Key nutrients important for women's health include calcium and vitamin D for bone health, particularly important during adolescence and menopause when bone density may decline. Iron is essential for preventing anaemia, especially during menstruation, pregnancy, and lactation. Foliate (folic acid) is critical for foetal development and reducing the risk of neural tube defects during pregnancy. A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats supports heart health by lowering cholesterol levels, reducing blood pressure, and promoting healthy weight management. Omega-3 fatty acids found in fatty fish like salmon and walnuts can help reduce inflammation and support brain health.

Breast health extends far beyond cancer and encompasses a spectrum of preventive measures and wellness practices aimed at maintaining optimal breast health throughout a woman's life. Prevention strategies start with regular breast self-exams and clinical breast exams performed by healthcare professionals. These screenings help detect any changes or abnormalities early on, which is crucial for prompt medical evaluation and intervention if needed. Mammograms, recommended starting at age 40 or earlier for women with higher risk factors, are powerful tools for detecting breast cancer in its early stages when treatment is most effective. Screening guidelines may vary based on individual risk factors, family history, and medical history, so it's essential for women to discuss screening plans with their healthcare providers. Lifestyle factors significantly impact breast health. Maintaining a healthy weight through balanced nutrition and regular exercise reduces the risk of breast cancer and other chronic diseases. Limiting alcohol consumption and avoiding smoking also contribute to overall breast health.

Gender-based violence (GBV) poses significant threats to women's health and well-being, encompassing physical, sexual, psychological, and economic harm. It includes acts such as domestic violence, sexual assault, trafficking, and harmful traditional practices like forced marriage and female genital mutilation. GBV undermines women's rights, autonomy, and physical safety, often leading to long-term physical and mental health consequences. Physical injuries resulting from GBV can range from bruises and fractures to more severe injuries requiring medical attention. Sexual violence increases the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV/AIDS, unwanted pregnancies, and reproductive health complications. Psychological effects may include anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and suicidal thoughts. These mental health consequences can be long-lasting and affect a woman's ability to function socially and professionally. Preventing GBV requires a multi-faceted approach that includes legal reforms, policies to protect women's rights, community education, and changing societal norms that perpetuate violence. Empowering women economically and promoting gender equality are also essential in reducing vulnerability to GBV.

Women's health research and innovation are essential for advancing healthcare outcomes and addressing gender-specific health disparities. Historically, medical research has often focused on male subjects, leading to gaps in understanding how diseases manifest differently in women and men, as well as differences in treatment responses. Research initiatives focused on women's health aim to fill these gaps by studying sex-specific differences in disease prevalence, symptoms, risk factors, and treatment outcomes. This includes conditions such as heart disease, autoimmune disorders, mental health conditions, and cancers that affect women uniquely. Innovations in women's health research encompass a wide range of disciplines, from biomedical sciences and genetics to public health and behavioural research. Advances in technology, such as genomic sequencing, personalized medicine, and digital health tools, hold promise for tailoring treatments to individual women's genetic profiles and health needs.

Holistic health approaches to women's health encompass the integration of mind, body, and soul, recognizing the interconnectedness of these facets in achieving overall well-being. This approach emphasizes treating the whole person rather than just the symptoms, promoting health from a comprehensive standpoint. Mental health plays a crucial role, addressing emotional well-being through practices such as mindfulness, meditation, and therapy. These methods help manage stress, anxiety, and depression, nurturing mental resilience and promoting a positive outlook. Physical health focuses on nutrition, exercise, and preventive care. A balanced diet tailored to individual needs supports hormone balance and overall vitality. Regular physical activity not only strengthens the body but also enhances mood and reduces the risk of chronic diseases. Spiritual health acknowledges the importance of spiritual practices in fostering inner peace and connection. Whether through religion, nature, or personal reflection, nurturing the soul contributes to a sense of purpose and fulfillment. Holistic health encourages self-care practices like adequate sleep, relaxation techniques, and self-compassion. These habits are essential for maintaining equilibrium and resilience amidst life's challenges.

Achieving equity in women's health is crucial as disparities persist across various dimensions, impacting access to quality care and health outcomes. Socioeconomic factors such as income, education, and employment status often intersect with gender, race, and ethnicity, leading to inequalities in health. Access to healthcare services is a significant issue, with many women facing barriers such as affordability, transportation, and proximity to healthcare facilities. Lack of insurance coverage or inadequate coverage further exacerbates disparities, limiting preventive care and timely treatment. Reproductive health disparities include disparities in access to contraception, family planning services, and prenatal care. These disparities can result in higher rates of unintended pregnancies, maternal mortality, and adverse birth outcomes among marginalized populations. Chronic conditions like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and mental health disorders also exhibit disparities, with women from minority and low-income backgrounds experiencing higher rates and poorer management of these conditions compared to their counterparts.

Fertility  and reproductive options for women encompass a range of choices that empower individuals to make informed decisions about their reproductive health and family planning. Understanding fertility involves awareness of biological factors such as age, health conditions, and menstrual cycle regularity, which can impact the ability to conceive naturally. For women facing challenges with fertility, various assisted reproductive technologies (ART) offer options. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is one of the most common ART procedures, involving the fertilization of eggs outside the body and subsequent embryo transfer into the uterus. IVF may be recommended for conditions such as tubal factor infertility, endometriosis, or unexplained infertility. Other ART procedures include intra cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), where a single sperm is injected directly into an egg, and embryo cryopreservation, allowing embryos to be stored for future use. These technologies provide alternatives for women experiencing infertility due to male factor issues, genetic concerns, or other medical reasons. Fertility preservation is crucial for women undergoing treatments like chemotherapy that may impact fertility. Options such as egg freezing (oocyte cryopreservation) allow women to preserve their eggs for future use, maintaining the possibility of having biological children after completing treatment.

Women's health in the digital age is being transformed by advancements in technology, offering new opportunities to enhance care, access information, and empower individuals in managing their health. Mobile apps and wearable devices enable women to track menstrual cycles, monitor fertility, and manage reproductive health with convenience and accuracy. Telemedicine has revolutionized healthcare delivery, providing virtual consultations for routine check-ups, follow-ups, and sensitive issues like sexual health or mental well-being. This accessibility is particularly beneficial for women in rural or underserved areas who may face barriers to in-person care. Digital platforms also support education and awareness campaigns on women's health topics ranging from prenatal care and menopause management to breast cancer screening and pelvic floor exercises. These resources empower women to make informed decisions about their health and engage actively in preventive care.

Building resilience in the face of women's health challenges is essential for navigating the complexities of physical, mental, and emotional well-being. Women often encounter a range of health issues throughout their lives, including reproductive health concerns, chronic conditions like autoimmune disorders or mental health disorders, and societal pressures related to body image and caregiving responsibilities. Physical health challenges such as fertility issues, pregnancy complications, or chronic illnesses require resilience to cope with treatments, setbacks, and lifestyle adjustments. Developing a proactive approach to self-care, including regular exercise, balanced nutrition, and preventive screenings, can empower women to manage their health effectively. Mental health challenges, including anxiety, depression, and stress-related disorders, also demand resilience. Building coping strategies such as mindfulness, therapy, and support groups fosters emotional strength and reduces the impact of psychological stressors. Navigating societal expectations and cultural norms around women's health can pose additional challenges. Addressing issues of gender bias in healthcare, advocating for reproductive rights, and promoting body positivity are integral to fostering resilience and empowerment.